Welcome to Canadian Pugwash Group
Education on global security, in a broad sense, is the mandate of Canadian Pugwash, carried out by sponsoring meetings, workshops and roundtables to foster informed discussion of experts, for the purpose of providing information which can be useful in the formation of government policy.
By: Ernie Regehr | January 28, 2017 | Originally published on thesimonsfoundation.ca
Headlines tell of a burgeoning Russian/American naval nuclear arms race and already tens of billions of dollars are being promised and spent in both countries on “modernizing” seaborne strategic nuclear weapons systems. While tactical nuclear weapons have been kept off their attack and general purpose submarines for at least a generation, there are indications they may be finding their way back. In the meantime, there is not yet any international regime or treaty or political will in place or contemplated for the exercise of seaborne nuclear restraint.
The US now operates 14 nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs – designated Ohio-class), each capable of carrying 24 inter-continental range ballistic missiles (the Trident II D5). Normally, two of these boats are in overhaul and not considered operational – so the usual count is 12 operational submarines carrying 288 missiles (even though not all 12 are always on patrol, and those on patrol do not necessarily carry the full complement of 24 missiles). Each missile caries three to six warheads, leading to the current count of 1,152 warheads on 12 deployed SSBNs. About 60 percent of the force operates in the Pacific and the rest in the Atlantic.
Read the full paper on the Simons Foundation website (pdf, 8 pages)
par Pierre Jasmin | 4 janvier 2017 | via artistespourlapaix.org
Antonio Guterres, le nouveau secrétaire général de l’ONU, est entré en fonction dimanche et a affirmé vouloir faire de 2017 « *une année pour la paix ». Il demande à tous de devenir des acteurs de la paix.
Following President-elect Donald Trump’s comments on U.S. nuclear capabilities over the holidays, 2017 begins with worrisome questions about his intentions.
By: Paul Meyer | January 3, 2017 | Originally published on opencanada.org
Recent utterances by President-elect Donald Trump on U.S. nuclear weapon policy have sent shock waves over the past two weeks through the international security community. Calling for the U.S. to “greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability,” his comments have prompted new concerns based on both his personality and his eventual policies.
How would this man respond to an international crisis or provocation? Would he seek paths of escalation or de-escalation? Would he rely on professional counsel or make his own decisions based on his mood that day or his selective, idiosyncratic processing of information?
These concerns are not entirely new. “Would you trust this man with the nuclear codes?” Hillary Clinton asked during the election campaign last year. The question resonated as Trump’s temperament, his impulsiveness and quickness to anger seemed ill-matched to the cool sobriety one would want to have in a Commander-in-Chief.
From the Edmonton Journal, 14 December 2016
By DOUGLAS ROCHE
It's hard to think of a year in recent times when the world was in such disarray and people felt so fearful about the future. Christmas is supposed to rejuvenate us and revive our hope for peace, but Christmas 2016 seems to have an uphill climb.
Is it possible to hope for a peaceful world when mass shootings and acts of terrorism dominate the media, when refugees stream out of war zones and de-stabilize world politics, when 21st century cyberwarfare is underway, when global warming is producing extreme weather patterns and crop failures, when governments refuse to empower the United Nations to enforce peace? My answer is yes.
The false narrative of our times that the world is spinning out of control needs to be countered by a recognition that virtually every index by which we measure world progress is accelerating upwards. Commerce, technology, science, agriculture, renewable energy, medicine, communications, transportation, environmental protection, women's rights, international law are all leaping forward.